Drug addiction is a disease that causes long term changes in the brain that's characterized by an uncontrollable urge to seek out and use drugs despite knowledge of all the harmful consequences. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Seeking out and using drugs becomes an obsession. This is generally because of the impacts of long haul drug exposure on brain work. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. Since dependency is a chronic illness, individuals cannot just quit using the substances for a day or two and be cured of it. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
Rehabilitation from drug use should result in the patient:
quit utilising drugs
be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Standards Of Effective Treatment
According to scientific research conducted since the mid-1970s, the essential principles listed below should be the foundation of all successful treatment programmes:
Though addiction is very complicated, it could heal completely, and it affects the workings of the human brain and human behaviour.
No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
Viable treatment addresses the greater part of the patient's needs, not only his or her drug intake.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Some other associated mental problems must be taken care of by treatments.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
Patients in treatment should be tested for a variety of infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis and also receive education about how to reduce the risk of getting thee illnesses.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
Medicine (for opioid, tobacco, or liquor enslavement)
Diagnosis and management mental illness associated with drug addiction such as hopelessness and nervousness
long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Great results can be realised with the customised medical care plan and support services.
Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is only an initial stage in the process; it is not a "treatment" on its own. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
Relapse Prevention The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
Learn to exercise healthy life skills
carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
At first, treatment can be as intensive as multiple outpatient sessions every week. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
Patients dealing with complications caused by long time abuse of drugs may benefit greatly from inpatient also known as residential rehabilitation services. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
The following are some examples of residential treatment settings are:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.