A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For example, drowsiness could be an indicator, but enlarged pupils are clues.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. Although the user may not know that there is a potential to get hurt, they will keep taking it, even though it can cause harm.
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.
The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The patient is unable to stop taking the said drug, for addiction to cigarettes, alcohol or a drug; they will have tried to stop on their own at some point and failed.
Withdrawal side effects - when body levels of that substance go beneath a specific level the patient has physical and disposition related manifestations. There are desires, episodes of grouchiness, awful temper, poor concentration, a sentiment being discouraged, purge, disappointment, outrage, severity and disdain.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. With certain drugs, withdrawal can set off seizures, perspiration, hallucinations, violence and tremors.
The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Taking risks (1) - in certain instances the addicted person might undertake risks to ensure he/she can get his/her substance, like stealing or exchanging sex for drugs/cash.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. Either they do not realise or outright deny they have a problem.
Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. An alcoholic might drink quickly to get drunk faster and feel good.
Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.